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These include individuals who live within areas where NBS interventions have been implemented. They form part of the day-to-day users, either directly or indirectly. They are part of the key persons targeted with NBS interventions, for example, through improved air quality, flood mitigation, improved water quality, etc. Resident engagement through participatory planning and co-design through workshops helps to effectively capture the community’s needs hence efficiency and sustainability.

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Community organisations

Include Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), and Community-Based Organizations (CBOs)
involved in NbS as a means to improve neighborhoods. Such groups often have effective
community entry points and form a critical consideration when it comes to the management
and sustainability of NBS interventions.

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Urban intermediaries

Urban intermediaries, including small-scale NbS developers and users of MEL are important
stakeholders. They know how to make the change happen and whom to bring on board
constructively. They could be local groups replicating NbS interventions within their
neighborhoods using local knowledge and technology.

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Local and municipal governments

Local and municipal governments are the order of administration tasked with the provision of
most community needs, including planning and provision of services related to drainages, water
supply, and sewer systems. Their mandate makes them key stakeholders in implementing NbS
within their jurisdictions, including urban informal settlements.

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Technical experts

NbS is sometimes referred to as engineering with nature owing to the technical aspects of this
approach to sustainable management as well as the restoration of both the natural and
modified ecosystems. These often require technical experts to conduct evaluation, assessment,
and measurement of certain parameters such as quality, changes in stormwater quantity, etc.

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International experts/knowledge partners

Include individuals with special or superior knowledge and skills in sustainable development,
particularly NBS. For example, international non-governmental organizations such as ICLEI who
promote sustainable development. Knowledge partners also include institutions of higher
learning, such as universities offering training on sustainable development, environmental
planning and management, landscape architecture, etc.

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